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How do you keep skin hydrated?

By KENS apothecary

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Now, who doesn’t want glowing and youthful-looking skin? But achieving that requires constant care and upkeep. You may ask, how often should you wash your face or how often should you moisturise it? But the first step in reaching your skincare goal is to make sure it is properly hydrated. Keep reading for tips to help your skin looking fab!

Why is hydration important?

Unfortunately, dehydrated skin can look dull and dry, which is the complete opposite of youthful and glowing! You might also notice a dry mouth, a dark tone to your skin, more noticeable wrinkles and fine lines, as well as shadows and dark circles around your eyes. These are all signs of dehydrated skin.

When your skin is dehydrated, the cells in the skin layers become shrivelled and dried, giving the surface a rough, dull look. In contrast, when there is optimum level of moisture in your skin, the cells replenish their water content and swell up. This is what gives your skin a plump and bouncy appearance. Dehydration can be the result of any number of problems. It could be because of your diet, lifestyle, or sometimes due to medical conditions. Sometimes, there are no issues, other than age.

A decrease in collagen is linked to loss of firmness. Ageing skin becomes thinner and the skin barrier has less and less lipids, leading to a decreased ability to retain water. Frequent and proper hydration can alleviate these issues. By staying hydrated and maintaining a high water content in your skin layers, you help ensure your skin looks its absolute best.

How to keep skin hydrated

Water is the first thing that comes to mind when you hear or think of the word hydration. Drinking plenty of water is the best way to make sure your whole body, including your skin, is properly hydrated.

However, you can also use topical products to help boost your skin’s hydration and make it appear plump and fresh. As you may know, there is a difference between hydrating and moisturising products. Some of the best hydrating ingredients include:

Hyaluronic acid

Hyaluronic acid is a miracle ingredient when it comes to hydrating the skin. It can hold up to 1000 times its weight in water molecules. Hyaluronic acid is naturally present in the body, which makes it safe for any skin type. It absorbs into the skin and hydrates thoroughly. It comes in many forms, like serum and essence, and is often infused in clean moisturiser and cream products.

Glycerin

Glycerin is a humectant, meaning it draws water to the skin to hydrate it throughout its many layers. It is a natural substance and comes in different versions. Common glycerin products are moisturisers and cleansers.

Ceramides

Ceramides are lipid molecules, which are also found in the natural protective barrier of the skin. Topical ceramides help strengthen that natural skin barrier so it keeps all the hydration and moisture inside and keeps external irritants out. Ceramides are most often incorporated into thick and heavy creams that are designed to target dry and sensitive skin.

Cetyl and stearyl alcohols

A type of fatty alcohol, both cetyl and stearyl alcohol are moisturising ingredients that are also naturally present in its protective barrier as a mechanism in preventing moisture loss. For topical application, these fatty alcohols are usually derived from vegetable or plant oils and are commonly present in moisturisers.

Squalane

Squalane is a slightly different version of squalene, which is naturally present in the sebaceous glands in your skin. Squalene is a natural component of sebum. However, squalane is lightweight compared to sebum and easily absorbs into the skin. Squalane comes in oil form and is also present in some serums, cleansers, and moisturisers.

Lactic acid

A type of AHA, lactic acid is not just an exfoliator, but also has humectant properties. Lactic acid removes the top outer layer of dead skin cells, and not only draws water to your skin, but also increases the absorption of other hydrating ingredients in the skincare products you use.

Tips for Hydrated Skin

  1. Drink plenty of water
    Drinking plenty of water is the number one way to ensure you are properly hydrated. For best results, try drinking half of your body weight in water every day. THIS IS WRONG. IF I AM 60KG, I CANNOT BE DRINKING 30KG WATER DAILY, WHICH IS EQUIVALENT TO 30 LITRES.
  2. Get a good night’s sleep
    That beauty sleep may not be a cure-all, but it sure comes close. Getting a proper night of sleep allows your skin to rejuvenate itself and replenish anything that is lacking.
  3. Eat a healthy diet
    Your diet can play a big role in the condition of your skin. A healthy diet that provides your body with the right amount of vitamins, protein and minerals helps ensure your skin stays balanced.
  4. Don’t take hot showers for too long
    Hot showers are okay, but if you are taking them for too long, they can leech moisture from your skin. However comforting they may be, minimise your time!
  5. Wear sunscreen
    It goes without saying that UV rays can damage the protective barrier of your skin and disrupt its proper functioning. Use sunscreen to help protect your skin’s moisture barrier.
    There’s really no wrong way to keep your skin hydrated other than not doing anything at all. Drink water, eat healthy food and use hydrating and moisturising skincare products. Avoid as much environmental pollution as you can and live life to the fullest. You skin will thank you for it!

About The KENS apothecary

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